Tibia and fibula of ox are the strong and massive bone of ox skeleton. The tibia and fibula of ox are two separate bones where the proximal end of fibula is fused with the lateral condyle of tibia bone.
Hey, do you want to learn anatomical features of tibia and fibula of ox? If you want then this article is for you where you will able to learn the complete anatomy of tibia and fibula of animals.
In this article I will focus on the anatomy of tibia and fibula from ox. But I will also share the little information on tibia and fibula of goat, horse, dog and pig.
Again, at the end of this article you will also get little information about the metacarpal of ox, metatarsal of ox and tarsal bone of ox anatomy.
So, if you are interest to learn the complete anatomy of tibia and fibula from different animals then I would like to request you to continue this article.
What you will learn from this article (anatomy of tibia bone)?
#1. Anatomy of tibia and fibula bone from different animals
#2. Identification of different important osteological features from tibia and fibula bone of different animals
#3. Identification of right or left tibia and fibula bone from different animals
Important osteological features from tibia and fibula of ox
You might identify the following important osteological features or structures from tibia and fibula of ox. I am going to enlist these important anatomical structures from tibia and fibula bone.
#1. Popletial line of tibia bone of ox
#2. Nutrient foramen in popletial line of ox tibia bone
#3. Tibia crest of ox tibia bone
#4. Proximal and distal interosseous space of leg in ox
#5. Medial and lateral condyle of large three sided proximal extremity of ox tibia bone
#6. Popletial notch in tibia at proximal extremity
#7.Intercondyloid eminence or spine of tibia bone of ox
#8. Distal articular surface of ox tibia for articulation with talus
#9. Proximal and distal extremity of ox fibula bone
Hope you could able to identify all these structures from the labeled diagram of tibia and fibula of ox bone.
Tibia and fibula of ox anatomy
I will discuss the anatomy of tibia and fibula of ox separately. Again, I will try to make it easy for your better understand about tibia and fibula bone of animals.
Anatomy of tibia of ox
You know the tibia bone is strong and massive bone in ox skeleton and directed obliquely downward and backward. This tibia bone of ox possesses mainly the body and two different extremities. Do you want to learn details about the body and extremities of ox tibia bone?
The body of the ox tibia bone is larger and three sided proximally and smaller, flatten distally. Actually the ox tibia appears twisted and present three surfaces and three borders.
The surfaces of tibia body are – medial, lateral and caudal surface; again the borders from tibia body are cranial, medial and lateral border.
The medial border bears the rough prominence for the muscle attachment with the bone. Lateral surface of tibia body is almost smooth and spiral in appearance. The caudal surface of the body of ox tibia is flatten and divided into different part by popliteal line.
The popliteal line actually runs obliquely from the proximal part of lateral border to the middle of the medial border of body of tibia.
You will find nutrient foramen at the caudal surface of ox tibia along the popliteal line.
In the cranial border you will find the most prominent and elongated elevation. This elongated elevation of ox tibia bone is known as tibial crest. The medial border is almost rounded and lateral border is concave proximally. In tibia and fibula of ox, you will find interosseous space at the proximal and distal part of tibia.
The proximal extremity of ox tibia bone is larger and three sided. This extremity bears two articular eminences (medial condyle and lateral condyle) which are separated by popliteal notch. Again you will find the central prominence which is also known as intercondyloid eminence of ox tibia bone.
Anatomy of ox fibula bone
Fibula bone of ox is a reduced long bone and located at the lateral border of tibia bone. The fibula of ox possesses body and two extremities. The body of ox fibula bone is slender rod shaped and forms the lateral boundary of interosseous space in ox leg. Fibula of ox terminates at distally as a pointed end.
The proximal extremity of ox fibula bone is relatively large and flattens. Distal extremity of ox fibula bone fused with tibia and continuing with lateral malleolus
Identification of right or left tibia bone
Do you want to identify the right or left tibia bone from different animals? For that you should considered a landmark from the tibia and fibula of ox. Let’s watch the video and learn how you will differentiate right tibia and fibula of ox from left one.
#1. Lateral surface of the body of tibia is smooth and spiral
#2. Fibula fused with tibia bone at its lateral condyle
#3. Medial malleoli is more prominent at distal extremity of ox tibia
Tibia and fibula of goat, horse and dog
You will find almost similar osteological features in tibia and fibula of goat like ox tibia bone. The lateral surface of goat tibia bone is smooth but less spiral.
Tibia bone is larger and longer in horse and the cranial tuberosity is grooved. The tibial crest is prominent in dog tibia
Tarsal bone of ox
There are five pieces of tarsal bone in ox –tibial tarsal, fibular tarsal (at proximal row), central and fourth tarsal (middle row), first tarsal and second third fused tarsal bones (distal row).
Metatarsal of ox
The large metatarsal of ox is four sided and compressed transversely. The dorsal longitudinal sulcus is deep and wide in ox metatarsal. If you want to make the difference between metacarpal and metatarsal bone of ox, then you might find the metatarsal bone anatomy article at here in anatomy learner blog.
I think you got the best guide to learn the tibia and fibula of ox anatomy. Now you could able to identify the important osteological features from the tibia and fibula of different animals.
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You may read femur of ox and other article related to veterinary gross anatomy from anatomy learner